Course Content
Welcome
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Basic Networking Terms
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TCP/IP Model
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Binary
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Networking Fundamentals.

Decimal to binary conversion is an important task to understand in IP addressing and Subnetting. IP addressing is a core functionality of networking today. The knowledge of how to assign an IP address, or determine the network or host ID via a subnet, is vital to any good network engineer. Having a good, solid understanding of the simple things makes more complex tasks easier. Here are steps on how to convert a decimal IP address to its binary form, without memorization.

1. The first, and probably most important step, is to put down this row of values:
 128 64 32 16 8 4 2 1

1. Question: Can I subtract 128 from 154? Answer: YES. So we assign 1 to 128.
 128 64 32 16 8 4 2 1 1
2. Question: Can I subtract 64 from 26? Answer: NO. So we assign 0 to 64.
 128 64 32 16 8 4 2 1 1 0
3. Question: Can I subtract 32 from 26? Answer: NO. So we assign 0 to 32.
 128 64 32 16 8 4 2 1 1 0 0
4. Question: Can I subtract 16 from 26? Answer: YES. So we assign 1 to 16.
 128 64 32 16 8 4 2 1 1 0 0 1
5. That will give us a remainder of 10. (26-16=10). Question: Can I subtract 8 from 10? Answer: YES. So we assign 1 to 8.
 128 64 32 16 8 4 2 1 1 0 0 1 1
6. That will give us a remainder of 2. (10-8=2). Question: Can I subtract 4 from 2? Answer: NO. So we assign 0 to 4.
 128 64 32 16 8 4 2 1 1 0 0 1 1 0
7. Question: can I subtract 2 from 2? Answer: YES. So we assign 1 to 2.
 128 64 32 16 8 4 2 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 1
8. That will give us a remainder of 0. So for the rest of the values in our row, we can assign 0.
 128 64 32 16 8 4 2 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 1 0

So now we know that a decimal number 154 is 10011010 converted to binary form. To double check, we take the values assigned with 1 and add them together: 128+16+8+2=154

3. Our next number in the IP address is: 31. So we start with a question from step 2 again
1. Can I subtract 128 from 31?
 128 64 32 16 8 4 2 1 0
2. Can I subtract 64 from 31?
 128 64 32 16 8 4 2 1 0 0
3. Can I subtract 32 from 31?
 128 64 32 16 8 4 2 1 0 0 0
4. Can I subtract 16 from 31?
 128 64 32 16 8 4 2 1 0 0 0 1
5. Can I subtract 8 from 15 (remember, it’s the remainder)?
 128 64 32 16 8 4 2 1 0 0 0 1 1
6. Can I subtract 4 from 7?
 128 64 32 16 8 4 2 1 0 0 0 1 1 1
7. Can I subtract 2 from 3?
 128 64 32 16 8 4 2 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1
8. Can I subtract 1 from 1?
 128 64 32 16 8 4 2 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1

So the decimal number 31 is 00011111 converted to binary form. To double check: 16+8+4+2+1=31

4. Next number is 16. I will perform the conversion in one step now.
 128 64 32 16 8 4 2 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0

So the decimal number 16 is 00010000 converted to binary form.

5. Next number is 13.
 128 64 32 16 8 4 2 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 1

So the decimal number 13 is 00001101 in binary form. To double check: 8+4+1=13

So the IP address of 154.31.16.13 has its binary form equivalent of:

10011010.00011111.00010000.00001101
This is just the start of IP addressing and decimal-to-binary conversions. This is only one of the fundamentals covered in the CompTIA Network+ training video. The following course will teach you everything you need to know about the OSI model, different network protocols, network components, disaster recovery, IP addressing, and much more. It will also prepare you for the Network+ certification through detailed examples and 120 practice exam questions.
The CCNA exam requires a near-perfect fluency in conversion, IP addressing, and subnetting. You need to make sure you understand the idea behind decimal- to- binary conversion before you continue to learn subnetting. After that, you need to start practicing so the whole process becomes second nature before you take the exam. Chris Bryant covers this and all the other Cisco Routing and Switching topics required for the CCNA certification; all in 15+ hours of video training.